The Consumer Price Index Increased 0.1% Monthly and 6.9% Year-Over-Year in September

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) increased 0.1% on a monthly basis in September, reported Statistics Canada. On a year-over-year basis, the CPI grew by 6.9%. This marks a decline from the 7%  increase seen the previous month. The agency noted that this is the third consecutive monthly deceleration in headline inflation.

The primary component for the slowdown in inflation seen in September was a decline in the price of gasoline. However, conversely, Canadian consumers paid more for foodstuffs at grocery stores.

Regarding the average wage in Canada, in September based on the data provided by Statistics Canada, the average hourly wage of Canadian workers increased by 5.2% over the last 12-month period. Consumer inflation continued to surpass the average hourly wage, 

“The gap in September was larger compared with August,” explained Stats Can in its monthly report.

Despite the fact that inflation slowed somewhat in September, the Bank of Canada has indicated that the deceleration is still not sufficient, and thus anticipates further increases in interest rates

(Source: Statistics Canada)

The Price of Gasoline

In September, the price of gasoline decreased by 7.4%. For Canadian consumers, this marks the third consecutive monthly drop in prices at gas pumps. The drop in gasoline prices was primarily because of the global rise in the supply of crude oil.

Over the last 12-month span, the price of gasoline increased 13.2% – a decrease from 22.1% seen year-over-year in August.

(Source: Statistics Canada)


In September, Canadian consumers paid more for food items purchased from the grocery store. This is the fastest price increase year-over-year in 41 years, specifically in August 1981.

Since this time last year, foodstuffs with the highest price increases included bakery products (+14.8%), fresh vegetables (+11.8%), dairy products (+9.7%), and meat (+7.6%). 

In general, the increase in global food prices has been affected by several variables including recent extreme weather, the rise in the price of fertilizer, and the geopolitical situation in Ukraine.

(Source: Statistics Canada)


In September, the cost of shelter in Canada increased at a slower pace on a year-over-year basis. Demonstrative of the continued cooling of Canada’s real estate market, prices for other owned accommodation expenses rose 5.8% – a slower pace than in the previous month.

Composite shelter indexes that slowed on a year-over-year basis included the homeowners’ replacement cost index by 7.7% in September, compared to the 8.4% rise seen in August.

Conversely, the index for mortgage index cost rose 8.3%, in correlation to the recent interest rate hikes.

(Source: Statistics Canada)

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Sarah Bauder

Sarah has been writing on the topics of politics, history and finance for over a decade. She is currently an editor at CPI Inflation Calculator, covering the topics of CPI, inflation, US economy and economic commentary.